It is said a person can lose the forest for the trees. It seems to me this is a lesson about logic. Logic and it’s mechanizations can describe the smallest components, but run into real trouble when they encounter scale and complexity. Even with the full scope of computation power at our disposal, total atomic simulation without assumption is strikingly small. At a quantum scale, where the Heisenberg effect is clearly demonstrated, hindsight obviously demonstrates how easily a subtle innocuous detail can change a complex equation. Rigorous science and it’s complete logic can crumble with a subtle change.
This thought experiment begs the question what is intelligence itself? If people can typically remember seven or so visual ques before their memory errs, and a computer billions or trillions, clearly memory can not scale with logic in our minds for perfect conclusions. Our minds are not built to calculate en total on the fly, our thinking is rife with memory shortcuts, be them facts, assumptions or probabilities. Therein lies the secret to intelligence.
We can’t take assumption seriously as the source of intelligence. An assumption is defined as guess in any tense. I could argue an assumption is sometimes a rationalization, but that may be worse. At least sometimes. As above facts are superior to assumptions, but require intense computation and perfect data and perfect memory to be useful. Heisenberg tossed that out with his piercing stare.
So were left with probability or likelihoods. Dismissed as luck, probability is pervasive as math but labeled as belief when not exposed to the rigors of logic. But belief, an assertive wish, is not even close to it’s false synonym faith. Who are these people with faith? People who know something they can’t explicitly prove. It need not be ego projection or an assertive attack on the outside world. While faith is wrongly attacked it’s true synonym the hunch, is heralded as the foundation of not only police work, but all insight. Faith is just another hunch.
If your only method of producing probabilities is logic, then it can only be as good as the tool that proceeds it. This is the true eureka of the civilization gene. The eureka itself. Civilization started not when humans began to recall vast tomes of facts (twenty plus visual ques in some monkeys), but when they could discern probabilities as quickly as the color blue. The metamind, using broad emotional memories to compare unlike things, not only could quickly produce good enough data about immediate risks, but could predict problems without any conscious logic needed. Human EQ took a sudden leap forward, pulling IQ along with it. A psychopath only has one mind, a logical one. The empath has two, a logical one for the trees, and a metamind for the forest. A reasonable person uses them both.