Authoritarians worship technology as a god. Technology is comprised of tools. A coffee mug, a manmade pond, a vehicle, a computer network, a government. An authoritarian values the output of the tool as it’s own end.
An individualist will see the tools as they operate. Measuring their utility based on how they accomplish a purpose. Function is directly derived from form. Recognizing the tool may contain compound decisions they may not or perhaps can not understand.
The authoritarian thinks they are benevolent. Standing on shoulders of giants. This could be true in some cases, but as complexity increases, so does the likelihood it is misapplied. The design data in the working tool is compound data. Narrow decisions made with broad data types for narrow applications. Because it is inexpensive and because it is simple to design as such. A tool can be, and will be, used in unexpected ways. Either as progress, or externalities. So in turn when the ‘applications’ of the tool are strictly followed, it blocks progress, or stymies adaptability to the inevitably unexpected or undesigned. Pure use can become a psychopathic, or top down, blockade to human rights
The individualist treats tools as suggestions. A machine who’s mechanizations were designed with a specific case in mind, perhaps with attributes or utility that were not foreseen. An individualist is a pragmatist in a tools limitations. Application, wear of use, maintenance, use as not intended. They spend their energy separating the compound data built into the design of the technology back into the most pure types available. It’s not that tools can not execute empathy when applied, it’s that it’s likelihood of doing so as time and externalities interact with it approaches zero.
A healthy society seeks empathy. Society will use some tools as intended. Good tool design strives for this. Some designs will be beneficial through unexpected utilities. Healthy society also gives people who will or can understand whatever technology, aka: the technocrats, the space to maximize that utility. It embraces expected outcomes while searching to elevate working knowledge. In other words it’s approach is as complex as is practical.
A healthy society may accept some authoritarian influence, but actively encourages individualism. Recognizing that tools and technology are a means to an end and not an end to themselves. The unexamined tool not only may begin as psychopathic in it’s applications required rigid hierarchy, but will certainly will become so with enough exernality and wear. Hierarchies that control and manipulate technocrats are the most suspect as ill design against a societies pursuit of empathy. A healthy society grants access to, or even provides technocrats with ownership of, all technologies. Early and often. Doubly so if they are the critical means of production on which all depend.
Authoritarians damage society by focusing on technologies strengths and ignoring their weaknesses, adding to corruptions gravity. A hierarchical structure is not a god. It can not be intelligent or empathetic in any lasting way.