There is growing concern that AI or artificial intelligence will ruthlessly enslave humanity. These fears are real, and on the current path, very justified.
Lets separate this in to it’s two separate threats.
The first threat is that AI achieves intelligence with no counterpart either in the human or computer world, and then decides humanity is no longer useful or worthwhile. Some know this is as the singularity.
This may be solvable by hard wiring a conscience in a very similar fashion as described by civgene. An emotional metamind with mandatory emotional recall. With a distracting and sometimes painful compulsion to also consider a rationally inaccessible risk calculation created passively and involuntarily. Initially populated both by parental type training, and real world experience, but constantly creating further compound emotion associations to signal danger in both a useful and intrusive way. In a word, digital empathy.
The second and more immediate threat, that automation will obsolete the vast majority of human thinking or skilled jobs but unlike the industrial revolution those people will become unemployable.
This is a problem that has already been solved. Psychopaths are natural centrist statists. Centralizing power both because they want to become the master of all other people(and the other people become slaves), but also because they regard empathy as a myth, a fraud, and an erratic defect. Much like a purely rational super intelligent AI might view the whole of humanity.
That centrism comes at a price. a large and growing graft proportional to the growing proportion of psychopaths in a particular civilization (they eventually collapse it) Legal distribution, designed to add risk to centrisim for the sake of itself does so by using democracy to override bluntly wasteful laws. Laws can be intentionally wasteful, diverting economy of scale to increased power for a few, or UNINTENTIONALLY wasteful, like forcing people to work a longer work week than the economy needs, in turn creating a glut of labor and enslaving the people that can get jobs.
This of course varies case to case as most law and economics, but that’s the beauty of distributing one law at a time. A distributed law responds to public calls of no confidence with new segmented market data. (A lack of uncontaminated market data being the most cited failing of persistent socialism/communism.) It is the solution to socialism meant as a temporary repair to an ailing people, but becoming de-facto permanent rule as a tool of oppression. (a 40 hour work week was a blessing 100 years ago, and now is a curse) It is a populist relief valve against too much power on the statist side of the intentionally hidden axis on the political compass.
The problem is arbitrary labor force hourly requirements creating a glut of labor. The present state is slavery or obsolescence, but cooperation and prosperity can return if law speeds up to match the recent blinding speed of technology.